Venous Reflux/Insufficiency

What Is Venous Reflux/Insufficiency?

Vein disease, also known as venous reflux or venous insufficiency, occurs when the veins in our legs no longer work in returning the blood from our legs back to our heart. This leads to pooling of blood in our legs, which can cause leg swelling, achiness, heaviness, fatigue, skin discoloration, and varicose and spider veins. We offer a variety of treatment options for all types of venous disease.

What Are the Causes of Vein Disease?

Vein disease has many causes, none of which can easily be pinpointed or singled out. It is likely due to several factors combined, including:

  • Age
  • Genetics
  • Obesity
  • Multiple pregnancies
  • Sedentary lifestyle
  • Leg injury/trauma/surgery
  • Occupations that require prolonged standing or sitting

Symptoms of Vein Disease

You may experience several symptoms, and many may be similar to other conditions. Come see us if you experience any of the following:

  • Leg or ankle swelling
  • Heavy or tired legs
  • Leg pain or general achiness
  • Varicose veins and spider veins
  • Leg wounds or sores
  • Restless legs
  • Itchy legs
  • Cellulitis (skin infection) of the legs
  • Leg cramping, especially at night
  • Skin darkening/discoloration of the legs

Treatment for Vein Disease

The right treatment for you will depend on many factors, including the cause of your vein disease and your medical history. Solutions include:


Improving Blood Flow

  • Regular exercise
  • Keeping legs elevated when possible
  • Keeping legs uncrossed while seated
  • Wearing compression stockings


  • Anticoagulants – medications that thin the blood
  • Diuretics – medications that draw extra fluid from your body through your kidneys
  • Pentoxifylline (Trental) – a medication that helps improve blood flow